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Archive for February, 1994

Money and Power

The three major reasons for the deterioration of the financial institutions in Pakistan are (1) nationalisation (2) dependence of both the government and the private sector for liquidity exclusively on the banking system and (3) pre-emption of substantial part of the credit by the government. A myriad number of smaller inter-locking factors have contributed to the decline of the credibility of financial institutions in Pakistan but most can be traced back to these aforementioned over-riding reasons.

Two major concerns led to the nationalisation of the banks in the early 70s by the first PPP regime. Of primary concern was the fact that control of finances of the country interfacing with that of assets were in the hands of a very small minority. The other reason was that the priority sectors were neglected inasmuch social and even economic development were not supported by credit allocation viz, agriculture, small industries corporation, transportation, construction, etc. Money was concentrated in the urban areas at a severe cost to the rural areas. A great bulk of the credit was going to industry and trade which claimed about 67% of the credit given to the private sector with only the balance 33% going to the rest of the private sector economy.

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A World ambience at Davos

The programme schedule of the World Economic Forum’s (WEF) Annual Meeting at Davos is impressively laid out and coordinated but what evokes unity in diversity is that the various discussions that take place are without acrimony. The living genius of one man, the Founder and President of WEF Dr. Klaus Schwab, has made this informal gathering of world leaders, the business elite of this Earth as well as a fair representation of the top academics in various disciplines into a unique event. Free of the inhibitions of the suffocating straitjacket of protocol the WEF has become the “informal United Nations”. There is a positive correlation between politics, economics and culture that would not be possible to re-create without the same informal environment.

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Deterioration of Financial Institutions

The three major reasons for the deterioration of the financial institutions in Pakistan are (1) nationalisation (2) dependence of both the government and the private sector for liquidity exclusively on the banking system and (3) pre-emption of substantial part of the credit by the government. A myriad number of smaller inter-locking factors have contributed to the decline of the credibility of financial institutions in Pakistan but most can be traced back to these aforementioned over-riding reasons.

Two major concerns led to the nationalisation of the banks in the early 70s by the first PPP regime. Of primary concern was the fact that control of finances of the country interfacing with that of assets were in the hands of a very small minority. The other reason was that the priority sectors were neglected inasmuch social and even economic development were not supported by credit allocation viz, agriculture, small industries corporation, transportation, construction, etc. Money was concentrated in the urban areas at a severe cost to the rural areas. A great bulk of the credit was going to industry and trade which claimed about 67% of the credit given to the private sector with only the balance 33% going to the rest of the private sector economy.

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