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Arthashastra

HYBRID WARFARE

Hybrid Warfare came to prominence in the 21st century, the “Age of Globalization” that has opened up many new technical and communication options and shrunk distances. According to Prussian general and military theorist Carl von Clausewitz “Every age has its own kind of war, its own limiting conditions, and its own peculiar preconceptions.” While fighting wars in the conventional manner. Russian General Gerasimov holds that “In the 21st century we have seen a tendency towards blurring the lines between the states of war and peace. Wars are no longer declared and, having begun, proceed according to an unfamiliar template”

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FAKING NEWS TO WIN

Disinformation and propaganda for achieving one’s ends by foul means is not a new phenomena. Around 320 BC Kautilya’s Arthashastra annunciated this as a state policy, in a recent times, the Pakistan Army and the ISI have borne the brunt of those lies. Perpetrators of fake news have financial, ideological or political motives. Posing a greater threat of international geopolitical concern in the age of internet, social media fake news generated by Russian outlets during the 2016 US presidential elections reportedly resulted in President Trump’s victory. Professor of Political Science Simon Hegelich of the Technical University of Munich recalls that in November 2016 the German Chancellor Angela Markel called “to know what the hell is going on.”

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To Go or not to go?

There is a lot of speculation about the PM’s possible visit to New Delhi on Monday May 26 to attend Narendra Singh Modi’s inauguration as Prime Minister of India. Any exchange between Pakistan and India assumes symbolic proportions, arousing considerable comment and analysis thereof. Even though the invitation went to all SAARC member countries, Modi’s outreach initiative after the heat generated by the BJP against Pakistan during the election campaign cannot be brushed aside. The fulminations of an election campaign and the responsibilities inherent in running a state are quite different, BJP has shown this to good effect in earlier tenures.

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